News & Events

Company Voluntary Arrangements – here to stay?

Over the last couple of years we have seen a rapid increase in the use of Company Voluntary Arrangements (CVA’s), with the likes of Mothercare, Carpet Right, New Look and Debenhams proposing such arrangements. Since 2016, the number of retailers opting for CVA’s has doubled. In the last few weeks the CVA proposed by Sir Philip Green and his Arcadia Group has caught the attention even more with the Group’s range of high profile brands such as Top Shop, Wallis, Burton and Dorothy Perkins covering 566 UK and Irish stores.

Retailers are facing numerous headwinds as shopping habits change with customers moving to online shopping, high business rates and an increase in other costs. The retailers are shouting loud and hard that lease terms are draconian, long leases with upwards only rent reviews and shop units being ‘over rented’ and they have been paying too much for space they occupy. As a result retailers with large portfolios are turning to the use of CVA’s to renegotiate rent obligations with landlords with evermore frequency.

The benefits of CVA’s cannot be overstated for retailers. If agreed they can reduce overheads in one clean process in a timely and cost-effective way. Furthermore they are able to be released from the lease obligations of the most unprofitable premises and keep open ones they wish to retain. Arguably, and particularly whilst a retailer is still trading, a CVA can reduce an impact on creditors. Whereas should a business go into administration, the trading ability and control is significantly weakened.

For Landlords, however, not unsurprisingly they have offered stiff resistance to CVA’s as some of the largest retail landlords such as British Land, Hammerson and Intu all reporting significant losses in the value of their investment portfolios. British Land for example have reported a 16.9m annualised rent impact as a result of CVA’s over the last 2 years with 61 stores subject to closure. Nevertheless, landlords are faced with a difficult choice of either accept a rent reduction or start looking for new a retailer in a difficult market. Grudgingly most landlords are choosing the former option.

Advice I would give is to act expediently, review and understand the terms of the proposed CVA as most covering a portfolio will group assets into categories depending upon the profitability of a particular store. See if it is possible to seek a consensus with other creditors that may be able to put together a sufficient bloc, to win amendments to the proposal. In the case of the Arcadia Group proposal landlords made it known they would object to the CVA proposal in its original form and where were forced to reduce the percentage reductions in passing rents and make other concessions to win the support of landlords.

Unfortunately, it is clear in light of difficult economic climate facing retailers CVA’s are here to stay. Consumers shift to on-line shopping is not going to reverse and this is borne through with over 1,200 retailers collapsing in 2018. Clearly there have been calls about the over use and possible abuse of CVA’s, and as a result there have been calls for reform. Like most insolvency proposals there will be losers and winners. I suspect any reform will be limited to the curbing of obvious abuse. I read a quote recently by Richard Hyman, an independent retail consultant who said; “What is 100% certain is that retailers can’t carry on paying the rents they have historically. There’s less money in the pot to fund it and the pain has to be shared by the landlord as well as the retailer”. Maybe he is right, time will tell.

Paul Palmer, TDA Head of Assets and Facilities Management, can be contacted on

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